Where is Jordan
Country Name: The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
Area: 89,340 square kilometers.
Population: 6.053 million (July 2007). The majority are Arabs, more than 60 percent of whom are Palestinians, with a few Turkmen, Armenians and Kyrgyz. Arabic is the national language and English is generally used. More than 92% of the residents believe in Islam and belong to the Sunni sect; about 6% believe in Christianity, mainly belonging to the Greek Orthodox Church.
Capital: Amman has a population of about 2.5 million (2006), accounting for 42.3% of the total population.
Language: Official language: Arabic. But English is available in AMMAN and some tourist attractions
National Day: May 25
Where is Jordan
Jordan is located in western Asia, northwest of the Arabian Peninsula, adjacent to Palestine and Israel to the west, Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, and Saudi Arabia to the southeast and south. Jordan is basically a landlocked country, with the Gulf of Aqaba being the only outlet to the sea. The capital Amman and the western mountains have a subtropical Mediterranean climate with a mild climate. The average temperature is 7-14 ℃ in January and 26-33 ℃ in July.
Best time to travel to Jordan
Most of Jordan is covered by desert and has few rivers, but the climate is mild and subtropical Mediterranean climate. Jordan has hot and drier summers and warm and rainy winters. The average climate in January is about 7-14°C, and the average temperature in July hovers around 26-33°C, with the highest temperature reaching around 45°C. Every year from November to March is the rainy season; from May to September, it is hot and dry; in winter, there will be snow and hail in the highlands, the average temperature is 5 ℃, and the spring and autumn are about 10-15 ℃.
The capital Amman and the western mountains have a subtropical Mediterranean climate with a mild climate. The average temperature is 7-14℃ in January and 26-33℃ in July. The Jordan Valley and the south and east have a continental climate with little rainfall. During the year, October to May of the following year is the season with more rainfall, which is also the peak tourist season, and the period from June to September is relatively dry.
Customs of Jordan
- 1. The elderly living in cities and towns still maintain traditional clothing customs. They like to wear Arabian robes. According to local customs, there are stricter requirements for women's clothing. Women generally do not wear topless and tight clothing. In addition, neither men nor women wear religious jewelry. Jordanians like to look at each other when they talk, and the two sides are very close. Jordanians believe that looking aside or looking around is an act of contempt. They also hate when people turn their feet towards them, and they forbid delivering things with their left hand.
- 2. The most suitable time to go to Jordan for business activities is from November of the current year to April of the following year, especially in September of the Islamic calendar. Don't advertise locally with pigs, pandas and six-pointed stars. Be humble when approaching local businessmen, who don't consider bombastic people to be reliable. Only after a long period of contact and winning the trust of the other party will they not refuse your request.
- 3. Arabic is often used in local shops and streets, and many people who are engaged in tourism can speak English. When traveling during Ramadan, you should be careful not to eat and drink in front of people during the day, and it is not advisable to smoke. If you invite locals to dinner or tea, you can only invite them after sunset. Take a local taxi and tip another 10%, as well as staying in a hotel.
Jordan's main tourist cities and attractions
Major tourist cities of Jordan
1. The capital, Amman
Jordan covers an area of 1,700 square kilometers and has a population of about 4 million. It is a mountain city with a long history and is located on 7 hills. Amman has a pleasant climate and beautiful scenery. It is a city that integrates tradition and modernity. There are many museums and historical sites in Amman City, such as the Ancient Roman Theater, Lakdan Palace, King Abdullah Mosque, National Museum, etc.
2. The ancient city of Jerash
The ancient city of Jerash has experienced the rise and fall of ancient Greece, Rome and Byzantium, the Arabian Five Maiye Dynasty and the Abbasid Dynasty.
3. The ancient city of Petra
Petra's appeal has endured since Swiss explorers rediscovered the ruins in 1812. Undoubtedly Jordan's most precious sight, tombs, sculpted facades, pillars and sandstone cliffs make up a perforated landscape that exudes an irresistible magic in the sunset. If you want to fully experience the beauty of this ruin, it is recommended to spend at least two days.
4. Wadi Rum Protected Area
Wadi Rum, located in southern Jordan, is the most spectacular desert landscape in Jordan, also known as the "Moon Valley" because it is as quiet and silent as the surface of the moon. This is a typical pure sand desert, and the weathered huge rocks are like castles, adding jumping changes to the gentle lines. The Wadi Rum Desert, which started to "fire" with "The Martian", is a gathering place for extreme sports in Jordan, including desert hiking, rock climbing, and hot air ballooning.
Main Attractions of Jordan
1. Dead sea
The Dead Sea is the world's lowest lake (-442 meters above sea level), the world's deepest saltwater lake and the third most saline body of water on Earth. The Dead Sea is the world's earliest healing sanctuary (from the time of King Herod), and the large amount of minerals in the lake has a certain soothing and analgesic effect.
There are three major benefits of floating in the Dead Sea: First, when the human body is lying flat on the water, the muscles no longer have to resist gravity, the sense of weight disappears, and it quickly enters a state of complete relaxation, which can receive the same relaxation effect as yoga. Floating in the Dead Sea for 40 minutes is equivalent to sleeping for 8 hours. Second, apply Dead Sea mud evenly on all parts of the body. After sun exposure, various minerals in the mud will be quickly absorbed by the skin, and the skin will become moist and smooth. It is an excellent "skin care product". Third, magnesium salts in seawater can coordinate cells, maintain water balance, and regulate the PH value of human tissues. The combination of sulfate and potassium salts can maintain the electrolytic balance of body water and keep skin healthy.
2. Ancient city of Petra
The ancient city of Petra is one of Jordan's national treasures and has been listed as a World Heritage Site. There are hundreds of ancient buildings, mausoleums, baths, sacrificial halls, temples, streets lined with columns and rock reliefs. The most famous monument is the breathtaking "The Treasury".
3. Royal tombs
There are more than 700 tombs in the ancient city of Petra, the most famous is the royal tomb group, the largest of which is the Ern Tomb, which is square, 18 meters high, 20 meters long and 20 meters wide. Among the speeches, the echoes rumbled endlessly. During the Roman occupation period, a vaulted building was added below, and the offices and prisons of judicial personnel were set up. At that time, it was the seat of the highest judicial institution in the Petra administrative region of the Roman Empire, so later generations called this place "the court". In 446 AD, it was changed to the Orthodox Church. From the Erne tomb to the right, there are the royal tomb, the Corinthian tomb, the palace tomb and the six-petaled tomb. These five tombs hewn along the mountain are the tombs of generations of kings and royal families in the Nahada kingdom.
4. Wadi Rum
Wadi Rum was listed as the newest World Heritage Site in 2011, and its gorgeous scenery is a must-see for every visitor to Jordan. It was named "Moon Valley" because scientists concluded that its environmental appearance is the most moon-like on Earth. Jordan's most spectacular desert is surrounded by tall mountains, tinted with reds, yellows and oranges that spill over the dunes and merge into a breathtaking picture of the horizon. The epic blockbuster "Lawrence of Arabia" was all filmed in Wadi Rum.