- Location: Qinling North Road, Linyi District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province
- Recommended reason: It is known as the eighth wonder of the world and one of the great discoveries in the history of archaeology in the twentieth century.
- Opening hours: 8:30—17:00(March 16th - November 15th),8:30—16:30(November 16th - March 15th)
- Official website: http://www.bmy.com.cn
Terracotta Warriors in Xian
The Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang, also known as the Terracotta Army, is a burial pit of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. The Terracotta Warriors are known as the eighth wonder of the world. More than a thousand terracotta warriors and horses unearthed here have different images and vivid appearances. These terracotta warriors are a jewel in the history of ancient Chinese sculpture art and known as one of the great discoveries in the history of archaeology in the twentieth century.
The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China, is located in the Lintong District, 35 kilometers east of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. It is the first emperor cemetery in Chinese history. In the history, Emperor Qin Shi Huang collected more than 700,000 craftsmen for the construction of this mausoleum, which was built for 38 years. In December 1987, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and the Terracotta Warriors were listed on the World Heritage List.
Terracotta Warriors history
Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Qin dynasty began to build the cemetery from his age of 13. He used nearly 720,000 people to build the cemetery. The construction time was 38 years and the project was huge. It is rumored that Emperor Qin Shi Huang spent countless manpower, material and financial resources, built a palace for himself, and the Terracotta Warriors were the guardians of the underground palace.
The Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses can be described as the typical burial items replacing people with terracotta warriors. The reason why Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses reached such a height in scale and reality, apart from the wisdom of artisans, is inseparable from the will of the Qin Shi Huang emperor in the history.
Highlights of Terracotta Warriors Museum
In March 1974, famers in Xiyang Village, Linyi District, Shaanxi Province accidentally discovered some fragments of pottery figurines. After more than one year of exploration and excavation by archaeologists, it was confirmed to be a large crater. This is The world famous Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors. On April and May 1976, on both sides of the Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors, Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors and Pit 3 Terracotta Warriors were discovered. The size, shape and equipment of excavation of each pit are different. Some scholars believe that the Pit 3 Terracotta Warriors is the commanding headquarters of the Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors and Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors. It was called the "military curtain" in ancient times. The Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang was officially opened in 1979. The main highlights of the museum are Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors, Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors, Pit 3 Terracotta Warriors and Bronze Chariots and Horses Exhibition Hall.
[Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors]
Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors
Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors is the earliest excavated and largest pit in the Terracotta Warriors. The Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors is 230 meters long from east to west and 62 meters wide from north to south. It is 4.5 to 6.5 meters deep and covers an area of 14,260 square meters. According to the arrangement density of the unearthed pottery figurines and pottery horses, there are about 6,000 pottery figurines and pottery horses buried in the Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors. In addition, there are also a large number of bronze weapons. The Pit 1 Terracotta Warriors is also the most shocking exhibition hall at the moment in Terracotta Warriors Museum. You can see the huge soldiers with different expressions standing in the crater. You can look closely, from the armor to the expression, from the weapon to the hand, every soldier is alive.
[Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors]
Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors
The Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors has a curved shape with an area of 6,000 square meters. It is a large military array that is composed of cavalry, infantry, squadrons and chariots. There are more than 1,300 pottery figurines and horses, more than 80 chariots and a large number of metal weapons in Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors.
[Pit 3 Terracotta Warriors]
Pit 3 Terracotta Warriors
The Pit 3 Terracotta Warriors has a concave shape with an area of about 520 square meters. It is an organic whole with the Pit 1 and Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors. It is regarded as command of Pit 1 and Pit 2 Terracotta Warriors. There are 68 pottery figurines and 4 horses and 1 car unearthed in Pit 3 Terracotta Warriors.
[Bronze Chariots and Horses Exhibition Hall]
Bronze Chariots and Horses Exhibition Hall
In December 1980, archaeologists excavated 2 large-scale painted bronze chariots and horses on the west side of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum, 20 meters away from the existing surface, which is the earliest and largest painted bronze chariots and horses discovered the archaeological history of China. In addition, this discover which is the most complete preservation of bronze horses has a great value to the study of the smelting and manufacturing of bronze technology and vehicle structure in the Qin Dynasty of China. There are four horses in front of each chariot. The shape of the bronze chariots and horses is realistic. In addition, the decoration with a lot of gold and silver is gorgeous. The production of chariots and horses is very delicate and is known as the “Bronze Crown”.
Best time to visit Terracotta Warriors
It is suitable for visiting Terracotta Warriors all seasons of the year. But because it is hot and rainy in summer, cold and dry in winter in Xi’an, it is recommended to visit Terracotta Warriors in spring and autumn. If you visit the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum in the summer, it is recommended to visit it in the morning and evening. It’s more cooler. If you visit the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum in winter, it is recommended to visit it at noon.
Tips for visiting Terracotta Warriors
Terracotta Warriors in Xian
Please don't touch the monuments while visiting the terracotta warriors because the grease, acid and dirt on your hands will corrode the inscriptions. In addition, please don't climb and depict the monuments.
At the entrance of the attraction, there are sometimes enthusiastic people telling you that this is the museum not the terracotta warrior. They are lying, please keep away from these enthusiastic people.
In the East Square of Xi'an Railway Station, there are many fake No.5 lines The staff of the No. 5 line wear uniforms with armbands. Passengers need to line up in front of a sign.