Where is Israel

Israel (State of Israel) is a country in the Levant region of Western Asia, located in the southeast of the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Syria and Jordan to the east, Lebanon to the north, and Egypt to the southwest. Israel is also seen as having the highest economic development, business freedom, press freedom and overall Human Development Index in the Middle East. Israeli cities mainly include: Haifa, Jerusalem, Eilat, etc.


Facts of Israel

The State of Israel, commonly known as Israel, is a sovereign state located in the Middle East. It was established as an independent state on May 14, 1948. It has a population of more than 9 million, and the main population is Jewish. Hebrew is the official language and English is commonly used. Israel is located at the junction of the Eurasian continent and has been the meeting point of various ethnic groups since ancient times. The main attractions are: Negev Desert and Raymond Sinkhole, Baha'i Step Gardens, Eilat, Caesarea, Galilee and more.


Geographical location and climate of Israel

The State of Israel covers an area of 14,900 square kilometers and is located in western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, and the Gulf of Aqaba to the south. Continents meet. The coast is a long and narrow plain, and there are mountains and plateaus in the east. It has a Mediterranean climate.



Climate of Israel

Israel has a temperate climate as well as a tropical climate with plenty of sunshine. There are mainly two distinct seasons: a rainy winter from November to May, followed by a dry summer that lasts 6 months. The northern and central parts of Israel receive relatively heavy rainfall, the northern Negev has much less, and the southern regions receive almost negligible rainfall. In the coastal areas, the summer is humid and the winter is warm; in the mountains, the summer is dry and the winter is moderately cold; in the Jordan Valley, the summer is hot and dry, and the winter is pleasant; the Negev has a semi-desert climate all year round. The weather is extremely variable, with occasional snow in winter at higher altitudes, while sometimes, especially in spring and autumn, dry and hot winds periodically blow, causing the temperature to rise sharply.


Best time to travel to Israel

Israel has a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers. From Mount Hermon at an altitude of 2,810 meters, to the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the earth, which is 392 meters below the horizon, the climate is obviously regional and the conditions are different. The coastal plain is hot and humid in summer, slightly cold and rainy in winter, with occasional light snow in the hilly areas. Summers are hot and dry in the Jordan Valley, and semi-arid in the south, with warm and hot days and cool nights.


From April to October every year, the climate is dry and hot, with a high temperature of 32 to 37 degrees Celsius, and the sun is abundant, mainly sunny days. This is also the best time to travel to Israel. From November to March of the following year, it is winter. Although the temperature is lower, it is still warm. Most of the days are sunny, and it rains occasionally. Only the weather around the Sea of Galilee and Jerusalem is drier and cooler, and the weather around the Red Sea and the Dead Sea is cooler than summer. Good for travel.


Main tourist cities and attractions in Israel

1. Jerusalem

Jerusalem is the capital shared by Israel and Palestine (disputed by both). Located in the Levant region of the Near East, Jerusalem is a city with a long history, between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. It is known as the holy city of the three major monotheistic religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam). The main attractions in Jerusalem are the Wailing Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Way of the Cross, the Dome of the Rock, the Jaffa Gate, the Damascus Gate, the Mount of Olives, the Temple Mount, the Zion Gate, the Tower of David, the New Gate, the Church of All Nations, and the Jewish Holocaust Memorial Museum. , Last Supper, etc.


2. Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv's full name is "Tel Aviv-Jaffa", or the translation of Tel Aviv, which is the second largest city in Israel. The city is Israel's largest metropolitan area, the most densely populated area of the country, and the economic hub of Israel, and is ranked among the most expensive large cities in the Middle East.


Tel Aviv is considered Israel's most cosmopolitan economic center and the heart of the so-called "Silicon Creek" region, with its lively, modern, cosmopolitan features, and is recognized as the cultural capital of Israel. This is an important tourist city that combines Mediterranean style and cultural diversity, and is famous for its two architectural styles. Tel Aviv's main attractions are Old Jaffa, Tel Aviv Port, Rabin Square, White City, Tel Aviv Central Station, Tel Aviv Art Museum, Dizengoff Street, Sabich, Carmel Market, Ben Gurion House, etc.



3. Haifa

Facing the Mediterranean Sea, Haifa is Israel's largest port, Israel's third largest city, a tourist base in the north and a major industrial city, with a population of more than 200,000. Haifa has its back to Mount Carmelite, whose beauty was extolled in Solomon's poems.


Haifa means "beautiful coast". At the end of the nineteenth century, the railway between Damascus and Haifa was completed, and when Jews immigrated to Haifa, Haifa became a modern city. The main attractions of Haifa are the Baha'i Step Garden, the German Quarter of Haifa, the Church of the Star of the Sea, the University of Haifa, the National Science Museum - Mada Tech, the Haifa Train Museum, the Secret Immigration and Naval Museum, Fatoush, the Tikotin Museum of Japanese Art Wait.


4. Tiberias

Tiberias is located in the northeastern part of Israel, facing the Sea of Galilee to the east, Safed to the west, the Golan Heights to the north, and Nazareth to the south. At the same time, Tiberias is also one of the four holy cities of Judaism (the other three are Jerusalem, Hebron, and Safed). The main attractions of Tiberias are the Lake of Galilee, the Hall of Five Loaves and Two Fish, the Church of the Beatitudes, the Baptistry of the Jordan River, the Church of Peter's Dedication, the Golan Heights, Capernaum, Guy, the Ancient Ship Museum of the Sea of Galilee, etc.


5. Eilat

Eilat is the southernmost city in Israel, known as the "South Gate", the fourth largest city in Israel, surrounded by mountains and facing the sea. This Israel's most classic native resort is the only seaside city in Israel where you can dive. It attracts nearly 2.8 million tourists every year. As the only bridge connecting the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa, Eilat has also become a must for migratory birds. Every year, tens of thousands of ornithologists and enthusiasts come to Eilat for bird watching. The main attractions of Eilat are the Red Sea Coral Beach Nature Reserve, Eilat Marine Park, Eilat Dolphin Park, Eilat Ice House, Timna National Park, scuba diving, etc.


Recommended Tours

6 Days Classic Israel Tour

Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Caesarea, Haifa, Akko, Galilee

10 Days Israel & Jordan Highlights

Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Nazareth, Tiberias, Yardenit, Petra, Amman

14 Days Egypt, Jordan & Israel Explorer

Egypt: Cairo, Aswan, Edfu, Luxor; Jordan: Amman, Jerash, Petra, Dead Sea, Allenby Bridge Border; Israel: Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Tel Aviv