6 Traditional Festivals in Egypt
Egypt is an ancient civilization with a long history of more than 6,000 years. The Egyptians created a splendid ancient culture and proudly called their country "Eternal Egypt". Today, Egypt not only has a large number of treasures of human culture and art such as the pyramids, the Sphinx, and the Luxor Temple, but also many traditional national festivals that reflect the customs of ancient Egyptian civilization. There are not too many festivals in Egypt, which are mainly divided into two categories, some are common festivals in line with international standards, and some are traditional festivals with ancient colors.
The Copts, who make up about 10% of the total population of Egypt, are Christians in Egypt. They follow the Julian calendar and every year on January 7th is their Christmas. Christmas is a traditional Christian holiday. On this day, parents take their children to church. In the evening, the whole family sits together to celebrate the festival.
The Festival of the Sun of Ramses II
February 21 and October 21 are the birthdays and enthronement days of Ramses II, the 19th dynasty pharaoh of ancient Egypt. Ramses II was one of the greatest pharaohs of ancient Egypt and apparently thought so himself. During his reign, many temples were built in Egypt, and there were statues of him from north to south. Abu Simbel is the most famous of them. On February 21 and October 22 every year, the sun shines through the gate of the Abu Simbel Temple, passing through the 60-meter-long temple corridor, illuminating one of the 4 statues in the depths of the temple in turn. 3: Statues of the sun god, Ramses II and the god Flahti. And the god of darkness, Puta, will always be in the shadows and never see the sun. These two days are called "Sun Festival". However, after the massive relocation of the Abu Simbel Temple in the 1960s, the "Sunshine Statue" was postponed by one day every year, and the festival of the sun became February 22 and October 22.
Egyptian Wenfeng festival
The Wenfeng Festival originated in the pharaoh period of ancient Egypt. It is said that it was the day when the god of charity defeated the god of evil. Later, the Copts of Egypt (the native inhabitants of ancient Egypt) named this festival the Wenfeng Festival, and it was also called the Spring Festival. According to the changes of the solar terms, the ancient Egyptians chose the day when the day and night time are exactly half of each spring as the Wenfeng Festival. They believed that this day was the birth day of the world. Egyptian historians believe that the Wind Festival is the oldest traditional festival in Egypt, dating back 5,000 years or even earlier. One of the oldest festivals in Egypt. On this day, Egyptians welcome spring and pray for a year of good weather, peace and harmony. The Wenfeng Festival is also known as the Outing Festival. Egyptians will choose to take their families out for an outing to taste traditional Egyptian delicacies such as salted fish and easter eggs, and the family will happily celebrate the festival.
The Spring Festival in many countries in the world, the Passover in Judaism, and Easter in Christianity all originated from the Festival of the Wind in Egypt. According to the Old Testament of the Bible and many historical documents, the day when Moses led the Jews out of Egypt was the Festival of Winds. After successfully escaping from Egypt, the saved Jews made this day a day of celebration, which was the Passover. After the birth of Christianity, the Jewish Passover coincided with Christ's Resurrection Day, so this day was the Christian Easter.
Nile Flood Festival
When: June 17th or 18th and August 28th every year
It is a relatively traditional and representative Egyptian festival. The Nile River Festival has always been a festival that many tourists dream of participating in. The whole festival is also very well-known in the world. It is a festival set up to commemorate the local Nile River, because the Nile River is the The mother river of Egypt, so they use such a holiday name to express their awe of it. In addition, there is the Festival of the Pharaohs, the whole name sounds very interesting, and many people are looking forward to it.
Eid al-Fitr, October 1st of the Islamic Hijri calendar, this day is the first day of the month of Shemwaru in the Islamic calendar, which is the day when Muslims around the world celebrate the end of Ramadan. On this day, Muslims will go out for group prayers, hug and greet each other, and visit relatives and friends. This day is also a day to thank Allah, they eat Kahk, stay with their families and pray together. If your trip is just in time for Eid al-Fitr, you can definitely feel the happiness and joy of the locals.
New Year's Day
First of all, New Year's Day is a festival that is common in many countries. January 1st is New Year's Day. On this day, people can temporarily put down work and rest at home for a day. Because it is the beginning of the new year, people must actively face life. Therefore, most people do not lie in bed lazily. Go out with your family to visit relatives, or get together for a fun dinner. The following Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr are also festivals in many Islamic countries. On the whole Egyptian festival, people need to strictly follow the church rules to have a certain solemnity.