Nepal Climate and Weather


Nepal is an inland mountainous country in South Asia, located in the southern foothills of the Himalayas, bordering China and India. Nepal's climate is a monsoon climate. Generally, it is simply divided into the rainy season (April to September) and the dry season (October to March), while the peak tourist season is concentrated in the dry season.


Nepal Climate

Nepal is an approximately rectangular country with a high north and low south. In general, the climate of Nepal belongs to the monsoon climate, which is simply divided into the rainy season (April to September) and the dry season (October to March).  Due to the large terrain difference, tourists can often see the different scenery in different parts of Nepal in the same season: the high mountains in the north may still be snowing, and the valleys and hills in the central cities are already full of flowers.

The geographical change between north and south of Nepal is huge, and the regional climate difference is obvious. It is divided into three climate zones: northern high mountain, central temperate zone and southern subtropical zone.

  • The north is an alpine mountain area with snow all year round, and the lowest temperature can reach -41℃.
  • Due to the hilly valley in central Nepal, the climate is mild and the temperature is pleasant all year round.
  • But the south is a plain, which is hot in summer and gale in winter. The maximum temperature in summer can reach 45°C.
  • The highlands above 4,000 meters above sea level have a remarkable alpine climate. Summers are short, while winters are cold and dry, with many clouds, low temperatures and strong winds.

Therefore, when you travel, you should choose the clothes and equipment to carry according to the destination you want to go to.

Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, has a height of 1,331 meters above sea level, and the snow-covered peak in the north, but the temperature here is very mild. In summer, the average maximum temperature can reach 30 degrees Celsius, while in winter the average temperature is about 10 degrees Celsius.

In winter, frost sometimes occurs, and the climate is dry with few clouds. The summer monsoon blows from the southwestern sea surface and is saturated with water, often bringing abundant rainfall. This moderate climate allows local food to be harvested three times a year, and small-scale planting can be done between the two harvests.


Dry Season in Nepal

Every year from October to March of the following year is the dry season (winter) in Nepal. During this period, there are clear skies, fresh air, and very little rainfall, but the temperature difference between morning and evening is large. The temperature in the morning is about 10 degrees Celsius, and it will rise to 25 degrees Celsius by noon, but the climate is very comfortable and refreshing.


Rainy Season in Nepal

The rainy season (summer) is from April to September every year in Nepal, and the climate in April and May is particularly sultry. The highest temperature often reaches 36 degrees Celsius. It will be thunderstorms in the evening.

Rainfall began as a prelude to the rainy season from May. The rainy season really came at the end of June and lasted to the end of September for three months. During this period, the eastern region was affected by the southwest monsoon, so the rainfall was the most abundant. The hazy rain and mist in the Himalayas made it difficult to see the true look. At this time, the mountaineering route and the road from Tibet in China to Nepal will often collapse due to heavy rain. Therefore, it is best to avoid climbing in the rainy season.


Best Time to Visit Nepal

The dry season (October to March) is the best season to visit Nepal. Although the temperature will drop to near freezing point at night, the sun will drive away the cold during the day. The sky is generally clear and bright, the air is dry and warm, and the morning is as invigorating as the evening. The climate from October to February is the most refreshing and pleasant. May to September is the rainy season, it is not very suitable for traveling.


Dressing Code

The average temperature in Nepal during the rainy season is 18°C - 29°C. It is recommended to wear light shoes and clothes. The average temperature in Nepal during the dry season is 4°C - 22°C. It is recommended to wear a long T-shirt plus jacket or thin sweater. Hats, sunglasses, sunscreen, etc. also need to be carried with you. It is best to wear easy-drying undershirts and shorts while drifting in Nepal.


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