Where is Turkey

In recent years, Turkey has become famous for its beautiful natural resources. The turquoise waters of the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts, the wonderland of Cappadocia formed from volcanic lava, the wildflowers and misty forests of the Black Sea mountains, and the rugged savannahs of the east are unique. However, what attracts tourists to Turkey today is the perfect blend of cultures, old and new, East and West, modern and traditional. Want to travel to Turkey? Where is Turkey?


Turkey facts

The Republic of Turkey (English: Republic of Turkey, commonly known as "Turkey"), spanning Asia and Europe, is located in the peninsula region, and its capital is Ankara. The official language of Turkey is Turkish, and the currency is Turkish Lira (currency symbol: YTL, hereinafter referred to as "lira"). The official language is Turkish, and ethnic minorities also use Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian and Greek.


The main ethnic group in Turkey is the Turks, 80% of which are Turks, 15% are Kurds, and there are also minorities such as Arabs, Armenians and Greeks. The main religion is Islam, mostly Sunni. The vast majority of residents in Turkey believe in Islam, of which about 85% are Sunni, 15% are Shia, and 0.2% are Catholic, Christian, Judaism and other religions. Unlike other Islamic countries, Turkey has a relatively loose religious atmosphere, a more diverse and open social atmosphere, and a relatively free press system.



Turkey's Geography and Climate

Turkey is located in the westernmost part of Asia, spanning two continents, Europe and Asia. With a land area of 783,600 square kilometers, as of February 2018, the national population was about 80.81 million. Turkey is surrounded by the sea on three sides, the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, with a coastline of 7,200 kilometers. Turkey is adjacent to 8 countries in Asia and Europe, with a land border line of 2,648 kilometers. The southern coastal area has a subtropical Mediterranean climate, and the inland has a continental climate.



Best time to travel to Turkey

April-October is the peak tourist season in Turkey, but spring and autumn in major cities such as Istanbul are the most suitable seasons to visit. From April to May and September to October every year, the temperature is moderate, neither the sweltering heat in August nor the coldness of winter. The sky is clear and clear, perfect for taking pictures. If you want to go to Pamukkale and try to avoid too many crowds, the best season is December, when there is no strong sunlight reflection, there are not too many tourists, the temperature is slightly lower but not too cold, the most special It is the strong contrast of ice and fire on the mountain down the mountain, which will be a rare experience.


Transport in Turkey

Traveling in Turkey is easy, with regular buses running to and from the main roads throughout the country. Turkey has 14 international airports with domestic flights to all major cities and tourist centers. For sun and sea seekers, there are 5,000 miles of coastline, with options ranging from five-star hotels and resorts to small family hotels and camping facilities.



Major tourist cities in Turkey

1. Ankara - the capital of Turkey

The capital and second largest city of Turkey, the capital of Ankara Province, the center of Turkey's politics, economy, culture, transportation and trade, is located in the northwestern part of the Anatolian Plateau on the Asia Minor Peninsula. Ankara is also a modern metropolis, with cars flowing on the streets and high-rise buildings beside the roads, presenting a prosperous scene in front of people's eyes.


2. Istanbul – the largest city in Turkey

Formerly known as Constantinople, it is the economic, cultural and transportation center of Turkey, a world-famous tourist destination, and one of the bustling international metropolises. Eurasian transportation hub, its strategic position is extremely important.


3. Antalya

The port city on the southern coast of Turkey, the capital of Antalya Province, with geographical coordinates of 36°54’N 30°41’E, with an area of 1417 square kilometers and a population of 214,000 (1984), is the largest city on the southern coast of Turkey. Now only local fruits and a small amount of chrome ore, wood and livestock products are exported.


4. Adiyaman

A city in southeastern Turkey, the capital of Adiyaman Province. Located on the northern edge of the Two Rivers Plain. Population 55,000 (1980). It was built in the eighth century AD and was known as "Husnu Mansur" before 1926. For grains, beans, cotton, tobacco and other agricultural products market. Nearby are the remains of the ancient city of Perry.


5. Çanakkale

It is a port city in western Turkey and the capital of Canakkale Province. It is located on the eastern shore of the narrowest part of the Dardanelles, at the mouth of the Koca River. The urban population is 186,116 (2014 estimate). The city is also the closest modern city to the ruins of ancient Troy.

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