Best Places to Visit in Mongolia
Mongolia, an inland country, is located in the middle of Asia, between Russia and China. Mongolia has rich history, characteristic national culture and beautiful nature scenery. In Mongolia you can see vast grassland, spectacular Gobi Desert and high mountains. Riding a horse on the grassland, riding a camel in the dessert and living in the yurts are things to experience the nomadic life. There are many attractions for tourists to visit in Mongolia.
Built in 1835, Gandantegchinlen Monastery is the biggest temple in Mongolia, many people come here to burn incense and worship. And there is a biggest Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva Statue with 4 hands in Mongolia. And the material of the statue is changed from iron to gilding. It is because that this giant statue was destroyed and used to make bullets in the World War II. With the support of this statue, the Soviet Union defeated German.
In 1996, Mongolians donated to rebuild the Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva Statue with 4 hands, the inner material is cement with gilding outside. nowadays, tourists come here to visit and pray, believers come here to kowtow and locals still come here to worship.
Winter Palace of the Bogd Khen
Winter Palace of the Bogd Khen is located in the south of Ulaanbaatar. People will think that the Winter Palace is an Chinese building, it is not a Chinese building, but a building of Chinese style. In the late Qing period, Mongolia was added to the domains of Qing Dynasty. So the Winter Palace’s architecture style was influenced by China. In 1924, the Winter Palace was changed to Museum of Bogd Khan. This museum exhibits rare Thang-ga, Buddhas and yurts made of leopard skin.
National History Museum of Mongolia
National History Museum of Mongolia is the earliest museum of Mongolia, with the richest collections. There are 3 floor in it. The first floor includes the site of Stone Age and rock carvings. The second floor are full of national costumes. The history of Genghis Khan is mainly displayed and introduced on the third floor, he united the tribes living in Mongolian grasslands and set up Mongol Empire.
Genghis Khan Statue Complex
The Genghis Khan Riding Statue in the Genghis Khan Statue Complex is the biggest Genghis Khan Riding Statue in the world. Built in 2008, it is 40 meters tall and weighs 250 tons.
There is a viewing platform on the “head of the horse”, where tourists can have a panoramic view of the vast grassland. There is an elevator hidden in the statue, visitors can take the elevator to the viewing platform. It is an interesting experience to look back to the huge Genghis Khan Statue on the “head of the horse”.
Gorkhi-Terelj National Park
The parks in Mongolia are almost original, without artificial construction. Gorkhi-Terelj National Park is the closest park to Ulaanbaatar. There is forest as well as grassland in the park. Riding a horse on the grassland, admiring the mountains, the river and the blue sky, it will be a unforgettable experience.
There is a huge stone standing in the Gorkhi-Terelj National Park. It is called Turtle Rock. The surface of the Turtle Rock is very smooth. There are many stones on the grassland with holes. And there are holes in the Turtle Rock. It is said that there are treasures hidden in the holes.
At the Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, you can experience the nomadic life of the locals. Live in the yurts, taste the milktea and roast mutton on rocks, enjoy the sunset on the grassland and admire the stars in the yurts.
Gobi has the meaning of desert and dry in Mongolian. The Gobi Desert crosses Mongolia and China and covers a huge area. Most areas of the Gobi Desert are bare rocks, not deserts. It is very dry in the Gobi Desert.
Explore the Gobi Desert is an adventure, seeing the endless dunes, ancient rocks and bleak desert. The scenery of the Gobi Desert is splendid and amazing, and you will meet canyons, caves and oasis in the Gobi Desert.
Lake Khovsgol is in the north of Mongolia, near the border of Mongolia and Russia. It covers 2,620 square kilometers, and the depth is over 244 meters. Lake Khovsgol is the largest freshwater lake in Mongolia.
About 100 streams flow into the lake. River Egiin connects Lake Khovsgol and Lake Baikal. You can see 68 kinds of mammals, 244 species of birds and 9 kinds of fishes. The Lake Khovsgol in winter is very beautiful since the lake freezes over. And the persons who hear the sound of lake freezing are thought to be very luck. At other time, it is a Blue Pearl in the East.
Sukhbaatar Square is in the heart of Ulaanbaatar. It is named Sukhbaatar to memorize their revolutionary leader. There is a Sukhbaatar Statue in the center of the square. It is close to the National Classical Art Theatre and Central Cultural Palace in the east, also the municipal government of Ulaanbaatar and General Post Office of Mongolia.
Mongolians hold ceremonies at this square in important festivals, and the welcoming ceremonies of foreign heads of state and heads of government. It is the place for important national ceremonies, cultural activities and exhibitions.
The Parliament House of Mongolia
The Parliament House of Mongolia is located in the Ulaanbaatar, capital of Mongolia. Built in 1950, the Parliament House of Mongolia is the office building of the national government.
The Parliament House of Mongolia is mainly white. The domes of the roofs are like yurts, and there is a Genghis Khan Statue in the central dome. Cylindrical columns and extensive glass make the building both classical and modern.
Hustai National Park
Hustai National Park is a different National Park, except for the nature scenery, it is a wildlife park. The landscapes in the Hustai National Park are spectacular, including rolling mountains, white birches and endless grassland.
There are wolves, eagles, wild horses and red deer. In the 1960s, Mongolia claimed that there were no wild horses in Mongolia. In the 1990s, wild horses were endangered. After that, 300 wild horses in captivity were released back to the Mongolian plateau. Hustai National Park becomes home to wild horses.
In the Hustai National Park, if you are lucky, you can meet the herd of wild horses. But you are possible to meet the herd of sheep.